NASA Monitors Rainfall Totals From Hurricane Matthew

NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland has produced a rainfall analysis from Hurricane Matthew.

It was accomplished using data from NASA’s Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals for GPM (IMERG). The GPM or Global Precipitation Measurement mission is a joint mission between NASA and the Japanese space agency JAXA.

This image shows the amount of rainfall dropped by Hurricane Matthew over the life and track of the storm. IMERG real time data covering the period from Sept. 28 through Oct. 10, 2016 show rainfall from Hurricane Matthew before and after its interaction with a frontal boundary. Matthew caused extreme rainfall in North Carolina resulting in over 20 inches (508 mm) of rain. Credits: NASA/JAXA, Hal Pierce
This image shows the amount of rainfall dropped by Hurricane Matthew over the life and track of the storm. IMERG real time data covering the period from Sept. 28 through Oct. 10, 2016 show rainfall from Hurricane Matthew before and after its interaction with a frontal boundary. Matthew caused extreme rainfall in North Carolina resulting in over 20 inches (508 mm) of rain. Credits: NASA/JAXA, Hal Pierce

The Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals for GPM (IMERG) is a unified U.S. algorithm that provides a multi-satellite precipitation product. IMERG is run twice in near-real time with the “Early” multi-satellite product being created at about 4 hours after observation time and a “Late” multi-satellite product provided at about 12 hours after observation time.

This rainfall analysis was created using IMERG real time data covering the period from Sept. 28 through Oct. 10, 2016. The totals included some rain from a low pressure area that moved through the area near the end of September.

Hurricane Matthew’s interaction with a frontal boundary caused extreme rainfall in North Carolina resulting in over 20 inches (508 mm) of rain being reported in North Carolina.

The area was already saturated before Hurricane Matthew arrived. Heavy rainfall from a slow moving low and frontal system moved through during the last week of September. Maximum rainfall total estimates for the real-time IMERG product have been adjusted to reflect observed values.

Video

This animation shows the amount of rainfall dropped by Hurricane Matthew over the life and track of the storm/ IMERG real time data covering the period from Sept. 28 through Oct. 10, 2016 show rainfall from Hurricane Matthew before and after its interaction with a frontal boundary.

This animation shows the amount of rainfall dropped by Hurricane Matthew over the life and track of the storm/ IMERG real time data covering the period from Sept. 28 through Oct. 10, 2016 show rainfall from Hurricane Matthew before and after its interaction with a frontal boundary.

Matthew caused extreme rainfall in North Carolina resulting in over 20 inches (508 mm) of rain. Video credits: NASA/JAXA, Hal Pierce

Source: NASA

Flood Summary

Last updated: October 27, 2016
Event
Hurricane Matthew, Caribbean and USA, September to October 2016
Date
September 28, 2016
Type
Flash flood, River flood, Storm surge
Cause
Extreme rainfall

Locations

A - Castries, Saint Lucia (Saint Lucia)
B - Layou, St Vincent (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
C - Les Cayes (Haiti)
D - Les Anglais (Haiti)
E - Tiburon (Haiti)
F - Jérémie (Haiti)
G - Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic)
H - New Providence, Bahamas (Bahamas)
I - St Augustine (United States)
J - Savannah (United States)
K - Charleston (United States)
L - Fayetteville (United States)
M - Lumberton

Magnitude

Rainfall level
319.9 mm in 24 hours
Hewanorra, Saint Lucia - September 28 to September 29, 2016
Rainfall level
134.1 mm in 24 hours
Vigie, Saint Lucia - September 28 to September 29, 2016
Rainfall level
233.9 mm in 24 hours
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic - October 2 to October 3, 2016
Rainfall level
355 mm in 24 hours
Fayetteville, NC, United States - October 8 to October 9, 2016

Damages

Fatalities
1 person
Layou, St Vincent - September 28 to September 29, 2016
Fatalities
546 people
Haiti - October 3 to October 12, 2016
Fatalities
6 people
Dominican Republic - October 3 to October 5, 2016
Evacuated
175,509
Haiti - October 3 to October 11, 2016
224 shelters set up to accommodate those displaced.
Evacuated
35,019
Dominican Republic - October 3 to October 5, 2016
Evacuated
900 people
Jamaica - October 1 to October 6, 2016
900 displaced staying in shelters.
Evacuated
1,079,000
Cuba - October 3 to October 6, 2016
317,000 have been evacuated to designated protective shelters and 944,000 are staying in homes of relatives or friends.
Rescued
30 people
New Providence Island, Bahamas - October 6 to October 7, 2016
Fatalities
37 people
USA - October 7 to October 10, 2016
Deaths in North Carolina (26), South Carolina (4) Georgia (3) and Florida (4) have been attributed to the storm.