Mozambique – Floods in the North, Drought in the South

The National Emergency Operating Center (CENOE: Centro Nacional Operativo de Emergencia) in Mozambique announced last week that 33 people had died as a result of strong wind, heavy rain and floods since the start of the wet season, October 2015. The Director of CENOE, Mauricio Xerinda, added that 22,000 people have been affected, with 3,500 homes damaged and 1,500 destroyed.

The worst affected provinces are Cabo Delgado, Tete, Zambezia, Niassa and Nampula, in the north of the country.

The heavy rain has intensified since early January. Rádio Moçambique report that over the last few days, at least 5 people have died as a result of floods and storms in Cabo Dalgado province over the last few days. The worst affected areas are Chiúre, Montepuez, Metuge, Mecúfi, Namuno, Balama and Mocímboa da Praia. Around 600 families have been affected.

European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO) reported last week that heavy rainfall between 05 to 11 January, had caused flooding in four northern provinces of Mozambique. In their report of 15 January, ECHO said:

“The rain caused floods in Niassa, Tete, Nampula and Cabo Dalgado provinces. In the former, more than 580 houses were destroyed, mostly in the worst affected districts of Chimbonila and Lichinga, while at least 800 cases of flood-triggered diarrhea and eight related deaths have been reported, as of 13 January. Another 150 houses were destroyed in Tete and nearly 900 families were displaced in five districts of Nampula. In Cabo Dalgado, at least three deaths have been reported in the city of Pemba, as of 12 January.”

Rainfall Figures

During early January, Marrupa in Niassa province recorded 62 mm of rain in 24 hours between 05 to 06 January. Pemba, Cabo Dalgado province recorded 71 mm between 09 to 10 January.

Later, Mueda in Cabo Delgado Province recorded 61 mm of rain in 24 hours between 16 and 17 January 2016.

Further heavy rainfall was recorded between 17 and 18 January. In Nampula Province, Nampula, saw 61 mm of rain and Lumbo 58.9 mm during a 24 hour period, according to WMO figures.

Between 18 and 19 January, Montepuez, in the province of Cabo Delgado, recorded 96mm of rain in 24 hours.

Drought in the South

While the heavy rain falls in the north, central and southern parts of the country are facing drought conditions and thousands could be facing food shortages if conditions continue, according to Mozambique’s Secretariat for Food Security and Nutrition (Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional: SETSAN).