India – Floods in 5 States Leave at Least 35 Dead and Thousands Displaced

A period of heavy rain has caused deadly flooding in several states in India over the last few days.

Currently the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh are worst affected.

East Sikkim district in the state of Sikkim has also been affected by flooding over the last few days, and parts of West Bengal are under threat as the Ganges river reached above danger levels in Murshidabad.

Thousands have been evacuated and at least 35 deaths have been reported. Earlier this month the Indian government said that this year’s monsoon had resulted in 480 deaths since June.

Over 50 flood rescue teams of the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) are in operation in various flood hit areas of the different states to assist in rescue and relief work.

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has assured total support in the rescue and relief operations in the flood affected states and hoped that the situation in the affected areas would normalise at the earliest.

In a statement of 22 August, the Prime Minister said, “I pray for the safety and wellbeing of those in areas affected by floods in parts Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.”

“Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh is closely monitoring the situation. He has spoken to the chief ministers and taken stock of rescue and relief operations.

“The Centre assures total support in the rescue and relief operations. I hope the situation in the affected areas normalises at the earliest”, the Prime Minister said.

Many of the areas recently affected are those still trying to recover from the devastating floods of July and earlier this month.

Madhya Pradesh

Three days of continuous rain caused floods in Katni, Rewa, Chattarpur, Raisen, Sagar and Satna districts in Madhya Pradesh.

At last 17 fatalities have been reported. Many of the victims died after buildings collapsed in Sagar and Satna districts and more are missing, feared dead. Search and rescue operations continue in the hope of finding survivors.

Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Chouhan said that personnel from the military, NDRF and State Disaster Response Force have been called in for rescue operations across the state.

NDRF report that teams evacuated 147 marooned people to safer places from Rewa district on 21 August. Rescue operations are underway in Satna, Rewa, Panna and other districts to save people trapped by floods.

The Chief Minister also said that the government has also been setting up relief camps in safer places for people in flood-hit areas.

Bihar

In Bihar state, the Ganges and several other rivers have overflowed, affecting around 130,000 people over the last few days. Three people have died in this latest wave of floods to hit the state.

According to a statement by the Bihar disaster management department of 21 August, flooding has affected the districts of Patna, Vaishali, Buxar, Bhojpur, Saran, Begusarai, Samastipur, Lakhisarai, Khagaria, Munger and Katihar.

Over 15,000 people are sheltered in 82 relief camps after being evacuated from flood affected areas.

Two fatalities have been reported in Vaishali and one person reported killed in Buxar. As many as 114 people have died as a result of floods in Bihar since 01 June.

Bihar disaster management department said that the Ganges was flowing above danger mark at six places in the districts of Patna, Bhagalpur, Munger and Buxar.

The department also said there were several other rivers flowing above the danger mark including the Sone river at Koilwar (Bhojpur district) and Maner (Patna district), the Ghaghra river at Gangpur-Siswan in Siwan and Saran districts, the Gandak river in Hajipur, the Kosi river at Baltara and Kursela in Katihar district and Burhi Gandak in Khagaria.

On Sunday 21 August, Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar conducted an aerial survey of the flood hit districts of survey of Patna, Bhojpur, Saran, Vaishali, Begusarai and Khagaria.

He expressed concern that levels of the Ganges had increased after a release of water from the Farakka dam, and that the situation could worsen after a planned release of water from the Bansagar dam.

The chief minister also said that the depth of Ganges has been reduced by siltation causing the river to overflow when levels increase. He appealed to the central government to prepare a policy on silt management.

Uttar Pradesh

In Uttar Pradesh state, several rivers, including the Ganges, have been flowing above the danger mark and people living in low lying areas have been moving to higher ground.

India’s Central Water Commission say that, as of 22 August, rivers are at or above danger levels in 18 locations in the state. Flooding has affected the districts of Banda, Jalaun, Varanasi, Ghaziabad, Ballia and Allahabad.

The Uttar Pradesh government has said it is taking relief measures in all affected areas. Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav said that the state government has ensured drinking water is available in flooded areas by installing over 2,500 handpumps in 21 districts.

Yesterday, NDRF teams conducted rescue and relief operation and evacuated 275 people at Ballia, 275 at Varanasi and 325 at Chitrakoot. NDRF also distributed relief materials and provided medical care to those in need.

Rajasthan

Several parts of Rajasthan were flooded after heavy rain fell from 20 August, affecting the districts of Baran, Jhalawar, Chittorgarh and Pratapgarh.

At least 8 people, all members of the same family, died after a part of a house collapsed in Baran district.

Severe flooding has affected several villages in Baran and Pratapnagar districts, prompting flood rescues by Air Force helicopters.

Defence Spokesperson Lt Col Manish Ojha said: “Air force helicopter airlifted a total of 33 people from two locations in Pratapgarh district while 24 others were airlifted from Baran on Saturday. Rescue operations are ongoing.”

Teams from the military, NDRF and State Disaster Response Force have been called in to carry out rescue and relief operations in affected areas.

This is the second major flood event in the state this month. Sixteen people died in flooding between 06 to 10 August.

Uttarakhand

Heavy rain between 19 and 20 August triggered a landslide in Pauri Garhwal district of Uttarakhand.

Local media say that at least 7 people have died, 2 are critically injured and it is feared that many more are still trapped.

The Pauri-Srinagar highway was also blocked due to the cloudburst, according to Uttarakhand disaster officials.

Sikkim

Floods have also affected parts of Sikkim over the last few days, although the state wasn’t included in the list of affected areas discussed by the Prime Minister earlier today.

A team of NDRF personnel is currently deployed in the state and yesterday conducted rescue and relief operation in villages in East Sikkim district. More than 450 people were evacuated to safer locations.

Flood Summary

Last updated: September 12, 2016
Event
Bihar, India, July to September 2016
Date
July 15, 2016
Type
Inland flood, River flood
Cause
Extreme rainfall, Long-term rainfall
Department of Disaster Management Bihar report as of 18 July, 31 villages in Araria and Supaul had been flooded. By 27 July, over 1,500 villages had been flooded in the eight affected districts: Kishanganj (543), Purnea (478), Araria (292), Supaul (106), Katihar (177), Bhagalpur (8), Madhepura (48) and Darbhanga (9). On 28 July, villages in the districts of Saharasa (7) and Gopaiganj (15) were also affected. By 02 August, the districts of Saharsa, Gopalganj, East Champaran, Muzafferpur had also been affected. From 05 August, the districts of Saran and West Champaran were also affected. After a short respite where many were able to return to their homes, further flooding struck from 19 August, with the worst affected districts being Patna, Bhagalpur, Vaishali, Buxar, Bhojpur, Sonepur, Saran, Begusarai, Samastipur, Lakhisarai, Khagaria, Munger, Nalanda and Katihar.

Locations

A - Kishanganj
B - Purnea
C - Araria
D - Supaul
E - Katihar
F - Bhagalpur
G - Madhepura
H - Darbhanga
I - Saharsa
J - Gopalganj
K - East Champaran
L - Muzafferpur
M - West Champaran
N - Saran
O - Patna

Magnitude

River level
33.2 metres
Mahananda River at Jhawa, Katihar, - July 28 to July 28, 2016
The highest recorded level there is 33.52 from August 1987

Damages

Affected
1.7 million
July 15 to July 28, 2016
As of 27 July, over 1,500 villages had been flooded in the eight affected districts: Kishanganj (543), Purnea (478), Araria (292), Supaul (106), Katihar (177), Bhagalpur (8), Madhepura (48) and Darbhanga (9). By 02 August, 2,200 villages had been affected, including villages in the districts of Saharsa, Gopalganj, East Champaran and Muzafferpur. By 07 August, 2,391 villages were affected, including parts of West Champaran and Saran districts.
Fatalities
228 people
July 15 to September 12, 2016
Evacuated
641,707
July 12 to August 8, 2016
Evacuated
715,158
August 19 to August 30, 2016
After a short break from the rain where many were able to return to their homes, further flooding struck from 19 August.
Affected
3.753 million
August 19 to August 23, 2016
Further flooding struck from 19 August, mostly affecting Patna, Vaishali, Buxar, Bhojpur, Saran, Begusarai, Samastipur, Lakhisarai, Khagaria, Munger and Katihar.

Flood Summary

Last updated: August 25, 2016
Event
Uttar Pradesh, India, July to August 2016
Date
July 14, 2016
Type
Inland flood, River flood
Cause
Extreme rainfall
Monsoon rain brought flooding to at least 6 districts of Uttar Pradesh in mid July. The affected districts include: Amroha, Kushinaga, Pilibhit, Lakhimpur Kheri, Basti, Barabanki and Bahraich. Further rain from 19 August, with 43 people killed in rain-related incidents in eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bundelkhand and Terai regions, with over 800,000 affected.

Locations

A - Barabanki
B - Amroha
C - Kushinaga
D - Pilibhit
E - Lakhimpur Kheri
F - Basti
G - Bahraich
H - Ghaziabad
I - Jalaun
J - Varanasi
K - Ghazipur
L - Allahabad
M - Ballia

Magnitude

River level
106.44 metres
River Ghagra at Elginbridge, Barabanki - July 18 to July 18, 2016
Danger level is 106.07 metres. As of 18 July, river was showing a rising trend.
River level
60.39 metres
Ganges at Ballia - August 25 to August 25, 2016
Previous record is 60.25 metres from 14 September 2003

Damages

Affected
11,854
July 14 to July 16, 2016
Fatalities
4 people
July 14 to July 16, 2016
Buildings destroyed
17 buildings
July 14 to July 16, 2016
Fatalities
43 people
August 19 to August 23, 2016
Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bundelkhand and Terai regions
Affected
870,000
August 19 to August 25, 2016
Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bundelkhand and Terai regions

Flood Summary

Last updated: August 23, 2016
Event
Rajasthan, India, August 2016
Date
August 6, 2016
Type
Inland flood, River flood
Cause
Extreme rainfall, Long-term rainfall
Several days of heavy rain in the state of Rajasthan, India, between 06 and 10 August, 2016, has caused severe flooding in several cities and districts. More rain was reported over the next few days, but by 13 August, local media reported that the flood waters started to recede. Further heavy rain occurred from 20 August, affecting the districts of Baran, Jhalawar, Chittorgarh and Pratapgarh. At least 8 people, all members of the same family, died after a part of a house collapsed in Baran district.

Locations

A - Bhilwara
B - Chittorgarh
C - Jhalawar
D - Barmer
E - Pali

Magnitude

Rainfall level
176 mm in 24 hours
Jodhpur - August 9 to August 10, 2016
Rainfall level
290 mm in 24 hours
Pali - August 9 to August 10, 2016
Rainfall level
230 mm in 24 hours
Jalore - August 9 to August 10, 2016

Damages

Fatalities
16 people
August 6 to August 15, 2016
Fatalities
8 people
Baran - August 20 to August 21, 2016
Fatalities occurred after a house collapsed.

Flood Summary

Last updated: August 23, 2016
Event
Madhya Pradesh, India, July to August 2016
Date
July 7, 2016
Type
Inland flood, River flood
Cause
Extreme rainfall, Long-term rainfall
Heavy monsoon rainfall over several days from 07 July resulted in floods in several districts of Madhya Pradesh, displacing thousands and leaving dozens dead. Further heavy rain from 19 August led to 17 deaths and rivers in Satna, including Tamas, Simrawal and Chhoti Tamas flowing close to the danger mark.

Locations

A - Bhopal
B - Satna
C - Shajapur
D - Jabalpur
E - Harda
F - Panna

Magnitude

River level
292.5 metres
Narmada River at Hoshangabad - July 12 to July 12, 2016

Damages

Fatalities
37 people
July 7, 2016
Evacuated
15,000
July 7, 2016
As of 18 July, the number had fallen to around 8,000.
Buildings destroyed
2298 buildings
July 7, 2016
Missing people
9 people
July 7 to July 20, 2016
Fatalities
17 people
Satna - August 19 to August 23, 2016
Evacuated
4,500
Satna - August 19 to August 23, 2016