Canada – Survey Shows Nearly All Those Living in High Flood Risk Areas Are Unaware

Thousands of Canadians are currently battling flood. In the east, flooding across the province of Quebec has affected 146 cities or municipalities, with 2,429 homes flooded, 1,520 people evacuated and 427 roads closed. At least one person has died and one is still missing. This is the second major flood event to hit the province in 4 weeks.

In the west, parts of British Colombia saw major flooding last week which forced hundreds from their homes and left 2 people dead. More heavy rain is expected in areas previously hit by flooding and where river levels are already high.

Kettle River near Grand Forks, 07 May. Credit: RDKB Emergency Info

As the country battles flooding on two fronts, a national survey has found that nearly all Canadians living in high-risk flood areas not only don’t know it, but are increasingly paying out of pocket for damage.

Researchers at the Interdisciplinary Centre on Climate Change and the Partners for Action research network at the University of Waterloo surveyed 2,300 homeowners who live in communities that the Government of Canada’s Flood Damage Reduction Program designated as flood-risk areas.

The study found that 94 percent of respondents are unaware of their risk and don’t know that recent government policy changes puts the onus on homeowners to insure their homes.

“Canadians pay $600 million out of pocket for flood damage every year,” said Jason Thistlethwaite, a professor at Waterloo. “With disaster-assistance costs expected to double over the next five years, homeowners can’t afford to remain in the dark about their options and responsibilities.

More than half of property owners agreed that they should be responsible for protecting their homes, but few have acted to protect their own properties through measures, such as sump pumps and water-resistant materials in basements. Contrary to climate change projections, even fewer believe that the risk of flooding will increase over the next 25 years.

“Property owners deserve to know what a flood could mean for their families and homes to be empowered to act,” said Shawna Peddle, director of Partners for Action, based in Waterloo’s Faculty of Environment. “Governments and stakeholders, such as realtors and insurers, must meet homeowner demand for more information.”

The survey respondents overwhelmingly support the idea of policy changes that could substantially improve awareness of flood risk and agree that flood maps should be made publicly available.

The report was supported by Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), Marine Environmental Observation Prediction and Response (MEOPAR) and International Development Research Centre (IDRC).

Flood Summary

Last updated: May 12, 2017
Event
Quebec, Canada, May 2017
Date
May 3, 2017
Type
River flood
Cause
Extreme rainfall, Long-term rainfall

Locations

A - Gatineau
B - Maniwaki
C - Mansfield-et-Pontrefact
D - Rigaud
E - Île Mercier
F - Secteur Île Bizard

Magnitude

River level
153.81 metres
Ottawa River, Mattawa - May 5 to May 5, 2017
River level
44.59 metres
Ottawa River, Gatineau - May 5 to May 5, 2017
River level
113.01 metres
Ottawa River, Pembroke - May 5 to May 5, 2017
River level
165.99 metres
Gatineau River, Maniwaki - May 5 to May 5, 2017
River level
42.39 metres
Ottawa River, Grenville - May 5 to May 5, 2017

Damages

Evacuated
3,641
Quebec - May 3 to May 11, 2017
Buildings damaged
4,485
Quebec - May 3 to May 11, 2017
Roads closed
552
Quebec - May 8 to May 11, 2017
Fatalities
1 person
Saint-Anne-des-Monts, Gaspé region, Quebec - May 8 to May 11, 2017
Vehicle swept away in Sainte-Anne River. As of 10 May, 1 still missing.

Flood Summary

Last updated: May 8, 2017
Event
British Colombia, Canada, May 2017
Date
May 5 to May 8, 2017
Type
River flood
Cause
Snow melt

Locations

A - Grand Forks
B - Kelowna
C - West Kelowna
D - Lumby
E - Salmon Arm
F - Cache Creek

Magnitude

River discharge
218 cubic metres per second
West Kettle River at Westbridge - May 6 to May 6, 2017
River discharge
320 cubic metres per second
Granby River near Grand Forks - May 6 to May 6, 2017
5-year flow
River discharge
45 cubic metres per second
Salmon River at Falkland - May 6 to May 6, 2017
20-year flow
River discharge
45 cubic metres per second
Salmon River near Salmon Arm - May 6 to May 6, 2017
5-year flow
River discharge
325 cubic metres per second
Nicola River near Spences Bridge - May 6 to May 6, 2017
20-year flow

Damages

Evacuated
300 people
Central Okanagan - May 5 to May 8, 2017
Fatalities
2 people
May 5 to May 8, 2017