Haiti – Floods in Nord and Grand’Anse Departments Leave 1 Dead, 10,000 Homes Damaged

A cold front caused heavy rain on Sunday 28 February in northern and western parts of Haiti, causing flooding in Grand’Anse Department, and also in Cap-Haitien and Limonade in Department of Nord.

Haiti Civil Protection say that at least 1 person has been killed in the floods. The victim was thought to have been swept away while attempting to cross a swollen river in the small village of Dame Marie, Anse-d’Hainault, Grand’Anse Department.  A person who was with the victim at the time of the incident is still missing. Three fishermen from Anse-d’Hainault are also missing.

Haiti Civil Protection say that flooding has damaged at least 2,000 houses in Limonade, and a further 8,000 in Cap-Haitien, both in Nord Department. The worst hit areas are those along the Mapou River, especially Haut-Du-Cap.

‎A landslide in Port-de-Paix has totally destroyed one house and left 3 others damaged.

Haiti Civil Protection say that damage  assessments are still being carried out.

Early February Floods

Nord Department suffered severe flooding just a few weeks ago when heavy rain affected the northern part of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola between 09 and 11 February 2016.

Port-de-Paix and Cap-Haïtien were affected by the severe weather and more than 200 houses have been damaged, forcing families to leave their home. Several neighbourhoods of Cap-Haïtien, including Carénage, Cité Lescot, Sainte Philomène and Charrier, suffered flooding on the 11 February.

Drought, Floods and Food Security

Earlier this month, the World Food Programme said that Haiti is in its third year of drought exacerbated by the global El Nino weather phenomenon in 2015.

“3.6 million Haitians are currently facing food insecurity, among them 1.5 million are severely food insecure. This is a doubling of the severe food insecurity in the last 6 months.

“The 2015 spring harvest fell below average with losses of up to 70 percent in some areas. This is a severe blow to food security in Haiti, where agriculture employs half of the working population and is generally a very important source of income among poor households”.

The recent floods in northern areas have done little to help the food situation. In fact, the heavy rain may have made the situation worse.

Commenting on the floods of early February, Haiti with Love, a charity working in Haiti, said:

“One of the things we don’t think about when we see the flooding happening is a point very important to the people experiencing it. Their primary diet is rice and beans –
not the canned kind. With wet charcoal, rain and flooding everywhere they can’t cook and therefore cannot eat. We are talking about some folks who don’t eat every day normally so this becomes very serious very fast.

“… another serious point to make about these heavy, damaging rains and all the flooding is what it will have done to the future food supply. Any trees or plants budding or blooming will have lost this crop of fruit or citrus; any gardens planted will have been washed away so there is going to be major hunger until these things can grow and produce again. As you may have been reading the drought before these rains already were causing starvation.”

 

Flood Summary

Last updated: July 15, 2016
Event
Grand’Anse Department, Haiti, February to March 2016
Date
February 28 to March 1, 2016
Type
Inland flood
Cause
Extreme rainfall
A cold front caused heavy rain on Sunday 28 February, causing flooding in Grand'Anse Department, and also in Cap-Haitien and Limonade in Department of Nord.

Locations

A - Grand'Anse Department
B - Limonade, Nord, Haiti
C - Cap-Haitien, Nord, Haiti

Magnitude

River level
Overflowing
Mapou River, Department of Nord - February 28 to February 29, 2016

Damages

Fatalities
1 person
Dame Marie, Anse-d'Hainault, Grand'Anse Department
Buildings damaged
10,000
Cap-Haitien and Limonade in Department of Nord