India – 480 People Killed in Floods Since June

A report issued by India’s Ministry of Home Affairs Disaster Management Division, claims that at least 480 people have died in rain and flood related incidents since the start of this year’s monsoon in June.

As many as 6,187 homes have been destroyed and 62,599 damaged.

National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) has deployed 53 teams, made up of a total of 2,010 to the affected states to carry out rescue and relief operations.

The deaths occurred in 11 states across the country:

Rajasthan

Since the Home Ministry report, severe flooding has affected the state of Rajasthan, where at least 7 people have died, bringing the total number of states affected to twelve, and the total number of fatalities to 487.

Maharashtra

Heavy rain caused the Savitri river to overflow in early August, causing a bridge which spans the river and forms parts of the Mumbai-Goa highway, to collapse.

As of 07 August, 25 bodies had been found from the 2 buses and several cars that were swept away after the collapse. The bridge is situated in Mahad, Raigad district of Maharashtra. A further 13 people are still thought to be missing.

Search teams were on the verge of calling off the search on 11 August as conditions worsened, including the presence of crocodiles and strong currents. However, a last minute breakthrough was made. India disaster management officials reported that NDRF and Navy search teams had located the two buses swept away, 8 metres deep in the river, around 180 metres from the bridge.

Collapsed bridge in Mahad, Raigad district, Maharashtra, India, August 2016. Photo: India MOD
Collapsed bridge in Mahad, Raigad district, Maharashtra, India, August 2016. Photo: India MOD

Assam

The state disaster management agency in Assam report that the flood situation has improved and many of those displaced are starting to return home. As of 08 August, 1,248 people were staying in relief camps. At the peak of the floods, 229,544 people had been displaced and were accommodated in 517 relief camps.

Army rescuing flood affected villagers of Chirang district in Assam. Photo: Indian Army
Army rescuing flood affected villagers of Chirang district in Assam. Photo: Indian Army

Bihar

The situation in Bihar is also said to be improving. However, as of 08 August, there still remained 386,449 people in relief camps.

Summaries of the major flood events in India over the last few weeks are listed below. Reports and articles for floods in India can be found here.

Flood Summary

Last updated: August 15, 2016
Event
Assam, India, July to August 2016
Date
July 1 to August 4, 2016
Type
Landslide, River flood
Cause
Extreme rainfall, Long-term rainfall
After several days of heavy rain from 01 July 2016, thousands of people and hectares of crop land have been affected by recent flooding, according to Assam State Disaster Management Agency (ASDMA). The situation improved and the numbers affected greatly reduced from 04 August.

Locations

A - Lakhimpur
B - Golaghat
C - Morigaon
D - Barpeta
E - Jorhat
F - Biswanath
G - Sivsagar

Magnitude

River level
Overflowing
Brahmaputra River - July 5 to July 6, 2016
India’s Central Water Commission (CWC) reported on 05 July that the Brahmaputra River is flowing close to or above danger levels in around 16 locations, including Goalpara and Tezpur.
River level
30.77 metres
Sankosh at Golokganj, Dhubri - July 27 to July 27, 2016
Orange level alert from CWC (orange level is issued when the river level is flowing within 0.5 m of High Flood. Highest recorded level of the Sankosh at Golokganj is 30.95 metres in September 2007
River level
45.82 metres
Beki River at Beki Road bridge, Barpeta - July 27 to July 27, 2016
Orange alert
River level
66.22 metres
Brahmaputra River at Tezpur, Sonitpur - July 27 to July 27, 2016
Orange alert

Damages

Affected
1,794,554
July 1 to July 29, 2016
Lakhimpur, Golaghat, Bongaigaon, Jorhat, Dhemaji, Sivsagar, Barpeta, Kokrajhar, Nagoan, Dibrurgarh, Chirang, Goalpara, Tinsukia, Dhubri, Morigaon, Sontipur, Biswanath, Darrang and Nalbari. Figure as of 29 July. The numbers affected greatly reduced from 04 August.
Fatalities
34 people
1 person swept away by flood water in Morigaon district, according to local media. on 14 July, ASDMA reported 2 deaths in separate landslides in Kamrup district. On 24 July, ADSMA reported another fatality in North Lakhimpur. As of 25 July, local media say the death toll stood at 7. By 29 July, the figure had increased to 18. on 28 July alone, 3 died in Barpeta district, one in Dhemaji and one in Kokrajhar. By 01 August, local media reported the figure to be 34
Buildings destroyed
868 buildings
July 1 to July 26, 2016
Figures as of 26 July. 867 houses damaged were in Jorhat, the other in Chirang.
Evacuated
229,544
July 1 to July 29, 2016
As of 29 July, 517 relief camps and 186 relief distribution centres. By 04 August the number of displaced had fallen to 18,708.
Additional
402 wild animals
July 26 to August 2, 2016
Kaziranga National Park said 402 animals, including 32 rhinos and 342 deer, died in the recent floods During the floods, a total of 107 animals were also rescued. Among the rescued were nine rhinos and 94 deer.

Flood Summary

Last updated: September 12, 2016
Event
Bihar, India, July to September 2016
Date
July 15, 2016
Type
Inland flood, River flood
Cause
Extreme rainfall, Long-term rainfall
Department of Disaster Management Bihar report as of 18 July, 31 villages in Araria and Supaul had been flooded. By 27 July, over 1,500 villages had been flooded in the eight affected districts: Kishanganj (543), Purnea (478), Araria (292), Supaul (106), Katihar (177), Bhagalpur (8), Madhepura (48) and Darbhanga (9). On 28 July, villages in the districts of Saharasa (7) and Gopaiganj (15) were also affected. By 02 August, the districts of Saharsa, Gopalganj, East Champaran, Muzafferpur had also been affected. From 05 August, the districts of Saran and West Champaran were also affected. After a short respite where many were able to return to their homes, further flooding struck from 19 August, with the worst affected districts being Patna, Bhagalpur, Vaishali, Buxar, Bhojpur, Sonepur, Saran, Begusarai, Samastipur, Lakhisarai, Khagaria, Munger, Nalanda and Katihar.

Locations

A - Kishanganj
B - Purnea
C - Araria
D - Supaul
E - Katihar
F - Bhagalpur
G - Madhepura
H - Darbhanga
I - Saharsa
J - Gopalganj
K - East Champaran
L - Muzafferpur
M - West Champaran
N - Saran
O - Patna

Magnitude

River level
33.2 metres
Mahananda River at Jhawa, Katihar, - July 28 to July 28, 2016
The highest recorded level there is 33.52 from August 1987

Damages

Affected
1.7 million
July 15 to July 28, 2016
As of 27 July, over 1,500 villages had been flooded in the eight affected districts: Kishanganj (543), Purnea (478), Araria (292), Supaul (106), Katihar (177), Bhagalpur (8), Madhepura (48) and Darbhanga (9). By 02 August, 2,200 villages had been affected, including villages in the districts of Saharsa, Gopalganj, East Champaran and Muzafferpur. By 07 August, 2,391 villages were affected, including parts of West Champaran and Saran districts.
Fatalities
228 people
July 15 to September 12, 2016
Evacuated
641,707
July 12 to August 8, 2016
Evacuated
715,158
August 19 to August 30, 2016
After a short break from the rain where many were able to return to their homes, further flooding struck from 19 August.
Affected
3.753 million
August 19 to August 23, 2016
Further flooding struck from 19 August, mostly affecting Patna, Vaishali, Buxar, Bhojpur, Saran, Begusarai, Samastipur, Lakhisarai, Khagaria, Munger and Katihar.

Flood Summary

Last updated: August 11, 2016
Event
Maharashtra, India, July to August 2016
Date
July 31, 2016
Type
Inland flood, River flood
Cause
Extreme rainfall
Heavy rain in the Indian state of Maharashtra caused damage and flooding from 31 July 2016. Severe flooding was recorded in Nashik, however the worst damage was caused when a house collapsed in Bhiwandi and a bridge collapsed in Mahad, Raigad district.

Locations

A - Bhiwandi
B - Nashik
C - Mahad

Magnitude

Rainfall level
216 mm in 24 hours
Nashik - August 2 to August 3, 2016

Damages

Fatalities
9 people
Bhiwandi - July 31 to July 31, 2016
Fatalities
25 people
Mahad, Raigad district - August 2 to August 2, 2016
As of 07 August, 25 bodies had been found after 2 buses and several cars were swept away when a bridge which spans the Savitri river and forms parts of the Mumbai-Goa highway, collapsed. The bridge is situated in Mahad, Raigad district. A further 13 people are still thought to be missing. On 11 August, India disaster management officials reported that NDRF and Navy search teams had located the 2 buses swept away, 180 metres from the bridge.
Fatalities
12 people
Nashik - August 1 to August 8, 2016

Flood Summary

Last updated: August 5, 2016
Event
Gujarat, India, August 2016
Date
August 2, 2016
Type
River flood
Cause
Extreme rainfall
Flooding was reported in the districts of Valsad, Chhota Udepur, Navsari and Surat after heavy rain on 02 August, 2016.

Locations

A - Chhota Udepur
B - Valsad
C - Navsari
D - Surat

Magnitude

Rainfall level
245 mm in 24 hours
Valsad - August 2 to August 3, 2016
River level
Rainfall level
96 mm in 24 hours
Navsari - August 2 to August 3, 2016
Rainfall level
104 mm in 24 hours
Dangs - August 2 to August 3, 2016
River level
Overflowing
Auranga river in Valsad - August 2 to August 3, 2016

Damages

Fatalities
5 people
August 2 to August 3, 2016
3 in Valsad and 2 in Chhota Udepur

Flood Summary

Last updated: July 25, 2016
Event
Arunachal Pradesh, India, July 2016
Date
July 23, 2016
Type
River flood
Cause
Extreme rainfall
Monsoon rain increased river levels in parts of Arunachal Pradesh, causing flooding in the districts of Lohit, Namsai, East Siang, Lower Dibang Valley and Changlang.

Locations

Namsai

Magnitude

River level
154.01 metres
Siang River at Passighat, East Siang district, - July 25 to July 25, 2016
Danger level of Siang River at Passighat is 153.96. The highest level recorded is 157.54 metres set in June, 2000.

Damages

Evacuated
4,000
Namsai district - July 23 to July 25, 2016

Flood Summary

Last updated: August 25, 2016
Event
Uttar Pradesh, India, July to August 2016
Date
July 14, 2016
Type
Inland flood, River flood
Cause
Extreme rainfall
Monsoon rain brought flooding to at least 6 districts of Uttar Pradesh in mid July. The affected districts include: Amroha, Kushinaga, Pilibhit, Lakhimpur Kheri, Basti, Barabanki and Bahraich. Further rain from 19 August, with 43 people killed in rain-related incidents in eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bundelkhand and Terai regions, with over 800,000 affected.

Locations

A - Barabanki
B - Amroha
C - Kushinaga
D - Pilibhit
E - Lakhimpur Kheri
F - Basti
G - Bahraich
H - Ghaziabad
I - Jalaun
J - Varanasi
K - Ghazipur
L - Allahabad
M - Ballia

Magnitude

River level
106.44 metres
River Ghagra at Elginbridge, Barabanki - July 18 to July 18, 2016
Danger level is 106.07 metres. As of 18 July, river was showing a rising trend.
River level
60.39 metres
Ganges at Ballia - August 25 to August 25, 2016
Previous record is 60.25 metres from 14 September 2003

Damages

Affected
11,854
July 14 to July 16, 2016
Fatalities
4 people
July 14 to July 16, 2016
Buildings destroyed
17 buildings
July 14 to July 16, 2016
Fatalities
43 people
August 19 to August 23, 2016
Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bundelkhand and Terai regions
Affected
870,000
August 19 to August 25, 2016
Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bundelkhand and Terai regions