June 2013 must go down as one of the worst months of flooding in recent times. Last month saw nearly 300,000 people displaced as a result of flooding, including floods in Europe, Canada and across Asia, especially India.
Without the Uttarakhand, India figures, the death toll as a result of floods for June 2013 is approaching 200: a truly shocking amount in itself, but one which is dwarfed by the horrific Uttarakhand flood deaths. The exact figure for Uttarakhand is still unknown, with some reports there claiming it could be as high as 10,000, others suggesting closer to 1,000. Certainly there are many thousands still missing in Uttarakhand.
We have tried to include all the major flood event of June 2013 below. Please feel free to contact us (or use the comments form) if you feel we have missed any flood events or other important flood information. The flood list is ordered into geographical areas and in no particular order. Where possible, further information on each flood is available through the links in each section below.
5th June saw torrential rain and storms in the Bihar region of India. As many as 5 people have died due to the flooding there, but also at least 22 people have been reported killed by lightning strikes. At the same time there were also severe storms and lightning strikes in the neighbouring state of Uttar Pradesh where 13 people died.
On 16th June Mumbai saw some flooding as a result of monsoon rains, although it was only the transport system that was particularly affected.
The monsoon also hit New Delhi and on 16th June, Indira Ghandi International Airport in New Delhi was flooded after 4 hours of heavy rain.
Pune in Maharashtra suffered from heavy rainfall, with around 7.5cm falling on Sunday 16th June, resulting in flooding. 3 people died in the floods.
See our article on the early Monsoon Floods in India for more information.
After the early monsoon struck on June 16th, torrential rainfall resulted in massive flooding that decimated the Indian state of Uttarakhand in the Himalayas. Thousands of pilgrims had flocked to the area visiting the holy sites when the floods struck. Reports claim over 1,000 died with figures expected to rise, and at the time of writing there are still at least 3,000 people missing. Over 100,000 were rescued from the flood zones by Indian rescue teams which included helicopter lifts from the most remote and cut-off areas.
The heavy rainfall of June 16th that hit Uttarakhand also hit the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The state had already see 13 people die in earlier floods and lightening strikes on 5th June. By 30th June the flood death toll was almost 70.
On 24th June huge amounts of rainfall in the Indian state of Assam in north east India has resulted in severe flooding in Dhemaji, Sisiborgaon, Golaghat, Kamrup, Karimganj and Jorhat . Over 60,000 people were affected.
Elsewhere in Asia
The same heavy rainfall of 16th June in the Indian states of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh also hit the neighbouring country of Nepal. An official statement of 20th June by Nepal’s Ministry of Home Affairs says at least 39 people have died and 18 were missing in the floods in Nepal. The worst affected area was Nepal’s western border with Indian state of Uttarakhand.
After flash floods on 14th June in Thailand, all seven districts in Satun Province had been declared a disaster zone. There have been reports that as many as 9,000 homes have been affected. The Thai military have been assisting in building flood defences and re-opening blocked roads.
Heavy rain over the weekend of 22nd to 23rd June 2013 has resulted in flooding in Laos. The torrential rain caused the levels of the Nam Xan river to rise rapidly. The river broke its banks in various places. Around 5,000 people have been affected in around 9 villages, although no casualties have been reported. The worst affected area is the Borikhan district of Borikhamxay. The area now expects to see rice shortages in the coming months after rice stores and farms were flooded.
From 23rd June four provinces in Southern central China suffered heavy rainfall and floods. Provinces of Chongqing, Zhejiang, Hubei and Anhui all suffered and nearly 8,000 people were evacuated at the time, and a further 10,000 in the following days. Reports claim that 4 people were killed in the floods. Also in June 5 people were killed in floods in Inner Mongolia.
On 14th June Manila saw some flooding. However, Storm Leepi, which goes by the name Emong locally, brought further torrential rainfall to the Philippines around 20th June. Manila for example, had 8cm in 24 hours. Manila suffered some flooding, but five southern Philippine provinces – Maguindanao (in Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao – ARMM), Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and Davao were worst hit. Reports claim nearly 100,000 people were displaced by the floods.
After a long period of heavy rainfall in late May and the first days of June 2013, Germany suffered devastating floods across the south and south east of the countr. Some of the worst hit were the towns of Passau, Regensburg and Deggendorf in Bavaria and Grimma in Saxony. Meissen in Saxony also suffered, but flood defences held fast in Dresden. The high waters then moved northwards up the river Elbe, with Schönebeck and Magdeburg, the capital of the state of Saxony-Anhalt, being hit. Also along the Elbe the small village of Fishbeck made dramatic headlines after it was flooded when a levee was breached and creatively repaired by sinking barges near the break.
Germany had seen the start of this period of flooding late in May 2013. During the floods across Germany thousands were evacuated and huge operations put in place to shore up flood defences, with a massive help from volunteers coming from all areas of Germany.
The heavy and enduring rainfall that hit Germany also hit other areas of central Europe and resulted in flooding in Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia.
2 people died as a result of flooding in early June. The province of Salzburg and the Tyrol region were badly hit, as was Taxenbach and other areas of the Pinzgau region.
7 people died as a result of flooding in Czech Republic in early June. Seven people have been reported dead as a result of the floods. States of Emergency were called in states of the country, South Bohemia, Pilsen, Middle Bohemia, Liberecky, Kralovehradecky, Ustecky and the city of Prague and 20,000 were nationwide. Prague’s flood defences held fast, although the outskirts of the city did suffer from flooding.
Hungary saw some flooding from around 4th June in the north west of the country. The high waters of the Danube threatened Budapest a few days later (around 9th June), but again, flood defences held fast, thanks in no small part to the thousands of volunteers who helped shore up the city’s flood defences.
Elsewhere in Central Europe Slovakia, Poland, Croatia, Serbia all suffered from floods as a result of the heavy rainfall in the region, as well as record river levels, especially the Danube. Lake Constance in Switzerland saw a rise in levels after heavy rain.
On June 18th floods struck areas of south west France, in particular the holy town of Lourdes. The floods caused the deaths of 3 people in the region. This was the second time in 2 years that Lourdes had suffered from floods. The town is still trying to recover from the floods of October last year which caused huge amounts of damage.
36 hours of torrential rain between 19th and 22nd June in Alberta, Canada, brought horrific flooding to areas of the state. As much as 10cm of rain fell on Thursday 20th June. The flooding claimed 4 lives, caused huge amounts of damage, estimated between $3 and $5 billion CAD as well as several power and gas outages across the region.
Heavy rain on 15th June, especially in the state of Coahuila, resulted in flooding and 40,000 people being evacuated from their homes in Mexico. Particularly badly hit was the city of Piedras Negras, which lies close to the border with Texas, USA.
Heavy rain (lasting 10 days or more) flooded the Paraná river in Paraguay, which runs close to the border between Paraguay, Argentina and Brazil. 800 people had to evacuate their homes on Wednesday 26th June. The worst affected areas are in the Paraguay department of Alto Paraná, and further south in Ayolas area, in the department of Missiones.
The same heavy rainfall affecting Paraguay also resulted in floods in Argentina around 27th June. The Paraná and Iguazú Rivers burst banks. The Iguazú National Park was closed in some areas. The provinces of Corrientes, Chaco and Santa Fe were worst affected.