South America – Thousands Affected by Floods and Landslides in Paraguay, Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia

Heavy rain has triggered flooding and landslides in parts of South America over the last few days.

Around 70,000 people are currently affected by floods in several departments of Paraguay. Flooding and landslides in Peru have damaged or destroyed dozens of homes and prompted evacuations in the regions of Ancash, Amazonas and Cusco.

In Ecuador, flooding in Los Ríos Province has prompted authorities to declare a state of emergency in several cantons, while in Bolivia, over 2,000 hectares of crops and 109 homes have been destroyed by flooding from the overflowing Parapetí River in Santa Cruz Department.

Floods in Paraguay, March 2019. Photo: Government of Paraguay

Paraguay

Heavy rain and flooding has affected thousands of people in Paraguay over the last 2 weeks. As of 15 March, the worst affected areas were in the departments of Presidente Hayes, Concepción and Guairá.

Since then flooding has been reported in Alto Paraguay Department, with the districts of Fuerte Olimpo, Bahía Negra, Carmelo Peralta, Puerto Casado, and Puerto Guaran declaring a state of emergency. Elsewhere, flooding along the Pilcomayo River has affected areas of Boquerón department.

As of 25 March, Paraguay’s National Emergency Secretariat (SEN), reported that the total number of families affected by the recent had increased from around 7,000 to 12,634 families. Of these, 8,495 were assisted by the National Government and received food and other basic supplies. Flooding has also been reported in areas of Paraguarí, Cordillera, Amambay, Central, San Pedro and Alto Paraná departments.

Peru

Intense rainfall on 27 March, 2019, caused landslides and flash flooding in the town of Angascancha, Pomabamba Province, Ancash Region. Local emergency management authorities said that around 20 houses were damaged and 40 people evacuated.

Elsewhere in the country, flooding from the overflowing Maranon river that began around 25 March has destroyed 25 houses in the district of Cumba in the province of Utcubamba, Amazonas Region, according to Peru’s National Institute of Civil Defense (Indeci). Twenty-five families have been evacuated and a further 15 families affected. Flooding also destroyed 67 hectares of crops in the area.

A few days earlier, heavy rain caused mudslides in the town of Tahuantinsuyo Lobo, Kimbiri District, La Convención Province, Cusco Region on 19 March, 2019. The mudslides affected 115 people and destroyed 31 homes. Three people were injured.

Wide areas of the country were affected by flooding and landslides in early February 2019 and then again in late February.

Ecuador

A state of emergency has been declared for the cantons of Pueblo Viejo, Babahoyo and Vinces in Los Ríos Province, Ecuador, after flooding and heavy rain that began around 23 March, 2019. Around 250 people have been displaced and 13 homes destroyed. In total over 8,000 people have been affected.

Parts of Los Rios province were affected by floods during late February this year.

Bolivia

Disaster management authorities in Bolivia said that, as of 25 March, 2019, over 1,700 families had been affected by the flooding from the Parapetí River in the municipality of Charagua, Cordillera province, Santa Cruz Department. Over 2,000 hectares of crops and 109 homes have been destroyed in the floods.

Earlier this month Civil Defence authorities in Bolivia report that 30 people have died in floods and landslides during the current rainy season in the country and a further 27 were missing.

Many of the fatalities occurred in Caranavi Province, La Paz Department, after landslides and flooding in early February, 2019.

Colombia

On 26 March 2019, the Colombia National Disaster Risk Management Unit (UNGRD), indicated that so far this rainy season as many as 1,514 families have been affected, 5 people have died and 17 people suffered injuries in 15 departments and 65 municipalities due to floods.

The worst affected departments were: Cundinamarca, Cauca, Tolima, Santander, Caldas, Cesar, Nariño, Chocó, Risaralda, Antioquia, Boyacá, Valle del Cauca, Magdalena, Guainía, and Norte de Santander.

Flood Summary

Last updated: May 10, 2019
Event
Paraguay, March 2019
Date
March 15, 2019
Type
Flash flood, River flood
Cause
Extreme rainfall
Heavy rain from 15 March caused rivers to overflow in several departments of Paraguay, in particular Presidente Hayes, Guairá and Concepción where some communities are isolated. Around 30,000 people have been affected. Not all required assistance. Secretaría de Emergencia Nacional (SEN), said that the government had assisted more than 3,800 families. Flooding also affected parts of Alto Paraguay and Boquerón departments, with minor flooding also in areas of Paraguarí, Cordillera, Amambay, Central, San Pedro and Alto Paraná departments. By 25 March SEN said that 12,634 families had been affected in total.
On 15 April 2019, updated figures from National Emergency Secretariat (SEN) said 37,906 families were affected due to an overflow of the Paraguay river, of which 26,700 families were left isolated in the following departments: Concepción, San Pedro, Cordillera, Paraguarí, Guairá, Central, Presidente Hayes, Boquerón, and Alto Paraguay. In Asuncion city, the SEN provided assistance to 11,206 families who were affected.
Further heavy rain in early May increased river levels in the south of the country, affecting parts of Neembucu and Presidente Hayes departments,

Locations

A - Benjamín Aceval
B - Villa Hayes
C - Paso Barreto
D - Sargento José Félix López
E - San Carlos del Apa
F - Mauricio José Troche
G - Alto Paraguay
H - Boquerón
I - Paraguarí
J - Cordillera
K - Amambay
L - Alto Paraná
M - San Pedro
N - Central Department, Paraguay
O - Concepcion - Rainfall level 75.1 mm in 24 hours
P - Puerto Casado - Rainfall level 72.6 mm in 24 hours
Q - Asuncion - Rainfall level 53 mm in 24 hours
R - Coronel Oviedo - Rainfall level 137.4 mm in 24 hours
S - Villarrica - Rainfall level 74.7 mm in 24 hours
T - Guarani - Rainfall level 103.7 mm in 24 hours
U - San Pedro - Rainfall level 55.4 mm in 24 hours
V - Concepción - Rainfall level 69 mm in 24 hours

Magnitude

Rainfall level
75.1 mm in 24 hours
Concepcion - March 16 to March 17, 2019
All figures from WMO
Rainfall level
72.6 mm in 24 hours
Puerto Casado - March 16 to March 17, 2019
Rainfall level
53 mm in 24 hours
Asuncion - March 17 to March 18, 2019
Rainfall level
137.4 mm in 24 hours
Coronel Oviedo - March 17 to March 18, 2019
Rainfall level
74.7 mm in 24 hours
Villarrica - March 17 to March 18, 2019
Rainfall level
103.7 mm in 24 hours
Guarani - March 17 to March 18, 2019
Rainfall level
55.4 mm in 24 hours
San Pedro - March 19 to March 20, 2019
WMO figures
Rainfall level
69 mm in 24 hours
Concepción - March 19 to March 20, 2019
WMO figures

Damages

Affected
150,000
Paraguay - March 15 to April 15, 2019
Secretaría de Emergencia Nacional (SEN) suggest around 38,000 families affected

Flood Summary

Last updated: April 3, 2019
Event
Peru, Late March 2019
Date
March 19, 2019
Type
Flash flood, Landslide, River flood
Cause
Extreme rainfall, Long-term rainfall
Heavy rain from around 19 March, 2019, triggered flooding and landslides in parts of Peru, damaging or destroying dozens of homes and prompting evacuations in the regions of Ancash, Amazonas and Cusco. From 29 March, overflowing rivers had caused flooding in San Martín and Junín Regions, damaging homes and affecting around 2,000 people in total.

Locations

A - Pomabamba
B - Cumba
C - Kimbiri District
D - Oxapampa
E - El Porvenir
F - Papaplaya
G - Pichanaqui
H - Perené
I - Maranon river, Corral Quemado - River level 13.3 metres
J - Pomabamba - Rainfall level 44.8 mm in 24 hours
K - Padre Abad - Rainfall level 107.6 mm in 24 hours
L - San Gaban, Puno - Rainfall level 101.6 mm in 24 hours
M - Camanti - Rainfall level 90.7 mm in 24 hours
N - Huallaga River at Picota - River level 18.43 metres

Magnitude

River level
13.3 metres
Maranon river, Corral Quemado - March 26 to March 26, 2019
Senamhi figures. Orange level alert.
River discharge
419.13 cubic metres per second
Santa River at Condorcerro, Ancash Region - March 28 to March 28, 2019
Senamhi figures. Yellow level alert
Rainfall level
44.8 mm in 24 hours
Pomabamba - March 26 to March 27, 2019
Senamhi figures
Rainfall level
107.6 mm in 24 hours
Padre Abad - March 25 to March 26, 2019
Senamhi figures
Rainfall level
101.6 mm in 24 hours
San Gaban, Puno - March 28 to March 29, 2019
Rainfall level
90.7 mm in 24 hours
Camanti - March 28 to March 29, 2019
River level
18.43 metres
Huallaga River at Picota - March 30 to March 30, 2019
critical / alert level is 18.3m

Damages

Evacuated
40 people
Pomabamba Province - March 27 to March 28, 2019
Evacuated
100 people
Cumba - March 25 to March 29, 2019
Buildings destroyed
31 buildings
Kimbiri District - March 19 to March 29, 2019
Buildings destroyed
30 buildings
Districts of Pichanaqui and Perené, Chanchamayo Province - March 29 to April 1, 2019
Initial assessments suggesting 30 homes had been destroyed and over 500 damaged. Districts of Pichanaqui and Perené have been hardest hit
Affected
1,800
Districts of Pichanaqui and Perené, Chanchamayo Province - March 29 to April 1, 2019
Affected
300 people
El Porvenir and Papaplaya districts in San Martín province - March 29 to April 1, 2019
Roads damaged
1 roads
Oxapampa - March 29 to April 2, 2019
Paucartambo-Chontabamba-Oxapampa highway blocked by landslide.
Fatalities
4 people
Chanchamayo Province, Junin Region - March 29 to April 2, 2019

Flood Summary

Last updated: March 29, 2019
Event
Los Ríos Province, Ecuador, March 2019
Date
March 21, 2019
Type
Flash flood, River flood
Cause
Extreme rainfall
A state of emergency has been declared for the cantons of Pueblo Viejo, Babahoyo and Vinces in Los Ríos Province, Ecuador, after flooding and heavy rain that began around 23 March, 2019. Around 250 people have been displaced and 13 homes destroyed. In total over 8,000 people have been affected

Locations

A - Pueblo Viejo
B - Babahoyo
C - Vinces
D - Santo Domingo - Rainfall level 73.1 mm in 24 hours
E - Puyo - Rainfall level 62 mm in 24 hours

Magnitude

Rainfall level
73.1 mm in 24 hours
Santo Domingo - March 21 to March 22, 2019
INAMHI figures
Rainfall level
62 mm in 24 hours
Puyo - March 21 to March 22, 2019
Ogimet figures

Damages

Affected
8,000
Los Ríos Province, Ecuador - March 23 to March 29, 2019
Buildings destroyed
13 buildings
Los Ríos Province, Ecuador - March 23 to March 29, 2019
Evacuated
250 people
Los Ríos Province, Ecuador - March 23 to March 29, 2019

Flood Summary

Last updated: March 29, 2019
Event
Santa Cruz Department, Bolivia, March 2019
Date
March 24, 2019
Type
River flood
Cause
Extreme rainfall, Long-term rainfall
The flooding of the Parapetí River in the municipality of Charagua, Cordillera province, Santa Cruz Department, Bolivia affected over 1,700 from around 24 March, 2019.

Locations

A - Charagua
B - Parapetí River, Charagua, Cordillera province, Santa Cruz Department - River level overflowing metres
C - Viru Viru, Bolivia - Rainfall level 49 mm in 24 hours

Magnitude

River level
Overflowing
Parapetí River, Charagua, Cordillera province, Santa Cruz Department - March 25 to March 21, 2019
Rainfall level
49 mm in 24 hours
Viru Viru, Bolivia - March 20 to March 21, 2019
SENAMHI figures

Damages

Affected
8,500
Charagua, Cordillera province - March 24 to March 29, 2019
estimated figure - authorities reported 1,700 families affected
Buildings destroyed
109 buildings
Charagua, Cordillera province - March 24 to March 29, 2019