Philippines – Tropical Cyclone Melor Causes Widespread Flooding

Philippines authorities say Tropical Cyclone Melor, known locally as “Nona”, made landfall in Pinamalayan, Oriental Mindoro on 15 December, its fifth landfall in the last 3 days in the Philippines.

Authorities had carried out the pre-emptive evacuations of almost 750,000 people. Some evacuees have since managed to return home. Around 240,000 are currently staying in 700 evacuation shelters, most of them in Bicol Region.

In their latest update (16 December 2015) National Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) report that the storm has destroyed 660 houses and damaged 2,495.

Death Toll

In their latest report, NDRRMC say that 1 person has died in the storm in Allen in the province of Northern Samar. AFP are reporting that the storm has caused 11 deaths in total, with 6 casualties in Mindoro and neighbouring Romblon and 5 in Samar.


Between 15 and 16 December, flooding was seen in Quezon City, Makati City, Valenzuela City and Pasay City where flood water is said to be around 1 metre deep.


Flooding was also reported in Manila. WMO report that the city recorded 146.8 mm of rain fall in a 24 hour period to 16 December. Roads were submerged causing problems for the city’s traffic. However no injuries or fatalities have been reported and much of the flood water soon subsided.


The island of Mindoro has suffered the worst of the storm over the last 24 hours. Flood water between 1 to 2 metres deep has been reported in at least 5 locations, according to NDRRMC.

The governor of Mindoro, Aurelio Umali, told a local radio station that the flooding was severe enough to force residents to take refuge on rooftops.

Rainfall Figures

WMO figures for rainfall in the Philippines for a 24 hour period between 15 to 16 December 2015.

Aparri – 93 mm
Calayan – 73.4 mm
Dagupan – 78 mm
Baguio – 99 mm
Tuguegarao – 88.3 mm
Science Garden – 146 mm
Cabanatuan – 267 mm
Ninoy Aquino International Airport – 135 mm
Tanay – 106 mm
Sangley Point – 117.0 mm
Subic Bay Weather Station – 114.0 mm
Manila – 146.8 mm
Baler Radar – 112.2 mm
Calapan – 115 mm
Tayabas – 89.8 mm
Casiguran – 141 mm

Melor Weakens, Flood Warnings Remain

NDRRMC say that although Melor has slightly weakened and is now over the West Philippine Sea, “flash floods and landslides are expected in the provinces of Mindoro, Bataan, Zambeles, Pampanga, Bulacan and Metro Manila”. PAGASA forecasters warn that the storm could still cause rain of up to 30 mm per hour.

The storm is expected to move out of Philippines area of responsibility over the next 72 hours. Currently it is expected to move south west towards Sabah state in Malaysia. Authorities there have already issued warnings of heavy rain.

Track of Typhoon Melor, known locally as Nona, in the Philippines, 12 to 16 December 2015. Image: PAGASA
Track of Typhoon Melor, known locally as Nona, in the Philippines, 11 to 16 December 2015. The storm is expected to move south west (red, blue and green circles) over the next 72 hours. Image: PAGASA

In the last few hours, Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) have warned of a Tropical Depression heading towards the Philippines, currently situated east of Mindanao.

Tropical depression heading towards the Philippines. Image: PAGASA
Tropical depression heading towards the Philippines. Image: PAGASA