Fiji – Thousands Displaced by Tropical Cyclone Keni

Thousands of people evacuated their homes in Fiji after severe weather brought by Tropical Cyclone Keni.

Tropical Cyclone Keni, 09 April. NASA-NOAA’s Suomi NPP satellite saw Keni between Vanuatu to the west, and Fiji to the east. The VIIRS image showed the center of circulation surrounded by a thick band of thunderstorms wrapping from the southeast into the low-level center. Credits: NOAA/NASA Goddard Rapid Response Team

Keni is the second cyclone to hit the country this month and comes after the Prime Minister warned of the constant threat of extreme weather events facing Fiji as a result of climate change.

At least 6 people died when Tropical Cyclone Josie caused devastating floods, mostly in Western Division, in early April.

A few days later a tropical depression brought torrential rain and flooding which left a further 2 people dead.

Tropical Cyclone Keni

Fiji Meteorological Service said that the storm “affected Kadavu as a Category 3 tropical cyclone in the afternoon of Apr 10. The meteorological station at Vunisea, Kadavu recorded sustained wind of up to 158km/hr and gust of up to 215km/hr at 4.10pm. The station pressure dropped to 960hPa at 3.40pm.”

Track of TC Keni in Fiji, April 2018. Image: Fiji Met Services

The National Emergency Operation Center in Fiji reported that, as of 12 April, 8,935 people had evacuated their homes and were staying in 202 active Evacuation Centres. Over 7,000 of those evacuees are in Western Division.

Initial damage assessments suggest that at least 179 houses have been partly damaged while 43 have been completely destroyed in 20 villages in Kadavu Island. Most of the damage is the result of strong winds and some flooding.

Power was down in some parts of the country and dozens of roads were closed. As of 12 April, 23 roads in the Central, 50 roads in the Western and 17 roads in the Northern Division were still closed. Power supply has been restored for most areas, although some communities on Viti Levu island were still without electricity as of 12 April.

Schools remain closed in Western Division, as do those in flood-hit Labasa in Northern Division.

Although the worst of the damage was caused by the strong winds, local media reported flooding in Central, Western and Northern Divisions. Heavy rain fell in areas where rivers were already swollen from earlier rainfall. Nadi recorded over 150 mm of rain in 48 hours to 11 April.

A flood alert remained in place for most parts of the country and Fiji Met reported on 12 April that a trough of low pressure with remains slow moving over eastern and northern areas which could bring further heavy rain.

Flood Summary

Last updated: April 18, 2018
Event
Tropical Cyclone Keni, Fiji
Date
April 9 to April 13, 2018
Type
Flash flood
Cause
Extreme rainfall

Locations

A - Nadi
B - Kadavu
C - Labasa

Magnitude

Rainfall level
52.2 mm in 24 hours
Nadi - April 10 to April 11, 2018
Rainfall level
94 mm in 24 hours
Viwa Island - April 9 to April 10, 2018
Rainfall level
101.4 mm in 24 hours
Nadi - April 9 to April 10, 2018
Rainfall level
104.5 mm in 24 hours
Nausori - April 9 to April 10, 2018
Rainfall level
129.0 mm in 24 hours
Ono-I-Lau - April 9 to April 10, 2018

Damages

Evacuated
8,935
Fiji - April 10 to April 13, 2018
Buildings destroyed
208 buildings
Kadavu, Fiji - April 10 to April 14, 2018
According to situation Report No. 22 (pdf) from Fiji's National Emergency Operation Centre. It is not clear if the damage was caused by flooding or strong winds.